Causes of Gum Disease

Dec 20, 2012

Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems experienced by patients. Symptoms of gum disease include bleeding from the gums during brushing, tender gums, receding gums, persistent bad breath, and loose teeth.

There are manyf factors that can contribute to the onset of gum disease. Below we’ve listed a few of the most common.

Poor Oral Hygiene. Maintaining proper oral hygiene is extremely important to the health of your gums. Brushing twice a day and flossing regularly will greatly reduce your chances of developing gingivitis or periodontitis.

Smoking. Smoking is a major contributing factor for periodontal disease and other oral health problems. Smoking decreases the gum tissue’s ability to repair itself and leaves the gums weak.

Medications. Many medications reduce the body’s production of saliva. Without saliva, your mouth has a harder time of fighting off harmful bacteria.

Illnesses. Some illnesses may play a role in the development of gum disease. Cancer and HIV weaken the body’s immune system. Likewise, diabetes renders the body more susceptible to infection.

Hormonal Changes. Hormonal changes such as those during pregnancy, puberty and menopause can make the gums sensitive.

Infrequent Professional Cleanings. For optimum disease prevention and dental health, it is wise to visit the dentist at least twice a year for a professional cleaning.

To make an appointment with an experienced Katy dentist, contact Noble Smile today.