Tooth Decay At Gumline Causing Rotting Teeth

Dec 15, 2023

People often mistake tooth decay for gum disease and vice versa. Every tooth decay begins with cavities, and unfortunately, cavities are the second most untreated health problem. You must have heard of a dental cavity, but are you also familiar with the gum line cavities? This issue can occur in both children and adults. Let’s discuss it further.

Gumline Cavity

Cavities usually appear on the biting surfaces of teeth. However, they can also affect your gum line. Decay begins at the gum line when your teeth roots come in contact with the bacteria or plaque due to gum recession. Remember that a gumline cavity does not appear on the gum. It forms on the tooth but exactly where the lower part of your tooth attaches to the gums.

What Are The 5 Stages of Tooth Decay?

Due to bacteria build up at the gumline, tooth decay starts. Examining the stages of tooth decay can help you identify the decay at the earliest. A tooth decays in 5 stages that are:

  1. Demineralization
    In the first stage, a tooth starts depositing plaque and losing calcium. This usually goes unnoticed until you visit a dentist. The accumulated bacteria feed on the sugar you consume and release acid. This acid eats away the minerals responsible for enamel’s strength, leaving them with white spots.
  2. Enamel Erosion
    Demineralization indicates that your body’s ability to restore minerals faster has been compromised. When demineralization is not stopped at the right time, the decay will attack your enamel. The white sports formed during demineralization will turn brownish.
  3. Dentin Decay
    This stage starts when enamel decay progresses; bacteria attack the next layer of the tooth called dentin. This layer is not as hard as enamel, so it decays quickly. Signs of dentin decay include intense sensitivity to extreme temperatures.
  4. Pulp Decay
    By this stage, the bacteria have already eaten your tooth, making it hollow from the inside. You can feel intense pain around the targeted tooth. Decay that has reached the tooth’s center will now affect blood vessels, and nerve ends inside the tooth.
  5. Abscess
    The last is tooth decay, where the bacteria finally reach the root of your tooth and leave you with an infection. An abscess is a bag of pus at the bottom of the tooth. When neglected, this abscess will destroy the jawbone and neighboring tissues.

How to Treat Tooth Decay at the Gumline?

Gum line cavity treatment relies on the extent of a cavity. It can be treated with a filling procedure if it’s above the gumline. Your dentist will drill away the decayed area on the enamel. The hole left by drilling will be filled with composite resin material or amalgam.
However, if a cavity has progressed further into the gumline, it needs more than a filling. It will need a root canal treatment to stop it from causing more damage.

Concluding Thoughts

The best approach to avoid tooth decay is to maintain good oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly. Your dentist can identify your tooth decay at the earliest sign to stop it immediately.

Dr. Allen Jahangiri

Dr. Allen Jahangiri

Dr. Allen Jahangiri, founder of Noble Smile family and cosmetic dentistry in Katy, Texas, and his team offer top-notch dental and aesthetic services to enhance your smile. Trained at the University of Texas, Health Science Center in San Antonio, Dr. Jahangiri learned from leading dentists and oral surgeons. After earning his DDS, he completed a residency to master advanced dental techniques. He provides a comprehensive range of services, including cosmetic, general, implant, pediatric dentistry, and oral surgery. Recognizing patient anxiety, he also specializes in sedation dentistry for a more comfortable experience.
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